Colosseum or Coliseum is a great historical building or amphitheater located in Rome, the capital of Italy. At this time the Rome Colosseum was famous throughout the world as one tourist destination in Italy. Colosseum is a large stadium building with a capacity audience which supposedly reached 50,000 people. Because of these features, this building was incorporated into the Seven Wonders of the World Middle Ages. Among archaeologists, there are differences in beliefs about the year of establishment of this magnificent building. However, most archaeologists believe that the Colosseum was made in the year 70-82 AD. Here the brief history of the Colosseum building.
Reconstruction of building the Colosseum beginning at the time of the King of Vespasian, in the year 72 AD and completed by his son, the king of Titus in 80 AD. Colosseum was established adjacent to a magnificent palace built by King of Nero. The palace is named Domus Aurea, which was built after the great fire of Rome in 64 AD. An historian named Dio Cassius states that there are approximately 9000 wild animals have been killed in 100 days, as a celebration of the inauguration and opening of the Colosseum. To prevent blood from flowing everywhere, in the Coliseum arena covered with sand.
History of Naming
The name “Colosseum” is taken from the name of a statue as high as 130 feet or 40 m, Colossus. Colossus statue is regenerated instead of Nero, as the parable of the Sol, the sun god, by adding the crown of the sun. Now this statue of Colossus has disappeared. One historian says that, since the statue was madeof copper, the statue has been melted for reuse. Apart from the name of the Colossus, Colosseum also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, which is not yet clearly known until now who gave this name. In Italy, the Colosseum is named “Il Colosseo”, but the other Roman languages using the name “Le Colisée” and “el Coliseo”.
Show at the Colosseum
In its era, Colosseum is spectacular theater. The show that performed at the Coliseum is a fight between animals (venetaiones), water fights by flooding the arena (naumachiae), the execution of prisoners (noxii), a fight between prisoners and animals and the battles between gladiators (munera). For hundreds of years, the estimated thousands of people and animals who have died in the show at the Coliseum.
Colosseum is still used up to the year 217, although the building had been damaged by being struck by lightning and fire. Then, in the year 238 made improvements to the Coliseum and the bloody game in the form of gladiator battles continued until the Christians gradually succeeded in stopping this game, because it has caused thousands of casualties.
After the bloody game is successfully terminated, the Coliseum is used as a place to store various types of animals, until the year 524. However, severe damage to the building at year 442 and 508, due to earthquakes. The damage is getting worse when an earthquake happens again in the year 847 and 1349.
After the Colosseum turned into a fortress. Further development is by establishing a church there. To improve the Coliseum, marble stone has been used in rebuilding parts of the Colosseum which has been damaged by fire. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Roman families using the Colosseum as a place of extraction of marble stone for building constructions St. Peter’s Basilica and a special residence palazzi, Roman family.
A new form of maintenance to the Coliseum appeared in 1749, with the ban by Pope Benedict XIV for the use of the Coliseum as a place of mining. Another history who was born in this place is in 2000 there was an outcry in Italy, in order to oppose the use of the death penalty for countries around the world. While in Italy the death penalty has been abolished in 1948.
In the demonstration, several protesters take place in front of the Colosseum. Since then, as a gesture against the capitalist, the local residents to change the color of the Colosseum at night from white to gold, using the lighting of candles and neon lights, until the time when the world abolished the death penalty.
Specifications of Coliseum:
Location: Rome, Italy
Year of manufacture: 70-82 AD
Type of building: Amphitheater/Big show building
Color of the building: Urban
Building Style: Ancient Roman